Types of mutual funds

Types of Mutual funds

In order to understand each type of mutual fund. Whenever you invest in mutual fund. Each type of mutual fund has changed reward and risk profiles. Basically, if there is a higher return potential then there is high risk of potential loss.

Mainly some funds are less risky than others mutual funds, all funds have some risk. It is not possible to eliminate away all risk. Even in money market funds. There is a fact of information for all the investments.

However, there are three level of mutual funds. Firstly, the mutual fund that invest in bonds which are called fixed-income funds. Secondly, those invest in stocks which are called equity funds. Thirdly, those that invest in both balanced funds Most mutual funds are variations on the theme of these three asset classes. Every mutual fund has a well establish and pre-determined objective of the assets of fund. Each mutual fund has investment regions and strategies.

We must analyse the different types of mutual funds. We will start the less risky then we will go through riskier funds.

  1. Fixed income funds

Its fixed income funds are the investments which pay a static/fixed rate of return like high-yield corporate bonds, investment-grade corporate bonds and government bonds. They goal to have money getting form the fund on a regular basis. Mostly, the returns are given to holders through the interest income which fund earns. High returns commercial bond funds are usually riskier than funds that investment-grade and government bond.

  1. Money market funds

The Money market funds are invested in short-term plan for fixed income giving securities such as treasury bills, government bonds, commercial paper, bankers’ acceptances and certificates of deposit. These are usually a safer investment, but with the potential lower return then any other types of mutual funds. If you refer money market funds of Canadian which always keep $10 per security of net asset value (NAV) as stable.

  1. Equity funds

Mutual funds of Equity are invested in a stock. Equity funds aim to raise faster than market money or fixed income funds, so there is a chance of generally a higher risk which happens that you could lose a money.

If you want to choose from different types of equity funds that is including those which specialize in growth stocks (that is don’t normally pay dividends), income giving mutual funds (which hold stocks which pay large number of dividends), large-cap stocks, value stocks, small-cap stock, mid-cap stocks, or a both combinations.

  1. Balanced funds

Balance funds invest in fixed income securities and mix of equities. Always try to balance aim for getting higher returns with regards to against risk of money losing. Many of these funds follow a formula which split money in different types of investments. It tends to have additional risk than fixed income funds, but less danger than clean equity funds. Violent mutual funds hold fewer bonds and more equities, Other than conservative funds hold relative to bonds and fewer equities.

  1. Index funds

Index funds aim to road the performance of a precise index such as TSX/S&P Composite Index. Mainly the value amount of mutual fund basically will go down or up as index goes down or up. If Index funds classically have lesser costs than it vigorously managed mutual funds because the manager for portfolio does not have to do as more research or can make investment decisions.


Active management basically means that the manager portfolio sells and buys investments, trying to outpace the return of the general market or identified another benchmark.

Passive management basically involves buying a security of portfolio designed which need to track the performance of index benchmark. The fund’s properties are only familiar if there is an modification in the mechanisms of the index.

  1. Specialty funds

Specialty funds are focus on a specialized order such as real estate, supplies or socially responsible investing. Socially accountable fund may participate in companies that are support of human rights, environmental stewardship, and multiplicity, and may avoid companies involved in gambling, weapons, alcohol, tobacco, and military.

  1. Fund-of-funds

These mutual funds invest in other mutual funds. Similar in funds such as balanced funds, they try best to make asset an diversification and allocation easier for the investor. MER of fund-of-funds tend to be higher than separate mutual funds.

Whenever before you invest, understand the fund’s investment goals and make sure you are comfortable with equal of risk. Even if two mutual funds are of same type, their return and risk characteristics will not be identical. If you want to learn more about basically how mutual funds work. You need to speak with your financial advisor. This will help you decide which types of mutual funds meet your requirement best.

8. Diversify by investment style

Portfolio managers normally have different kind of investment philosophies or can use different styles of investing objectives to meet the objectives of a fund. When you choose funds with a different type of investment styles. This will allows you to expand beyond the type of investment. It can be spare way to reduce risk of investment.

There are four common method of approaches to investment

Bottom-up approach. This focuses on choosing specific type of companies that are going to do well, no matter what prospects for the industry or current economy will be.

Top-down approach. Imagine a big economic picture. Then finds type of industries or a countries that mainly look like that they are going to do fortunate well. Then you need to invest in a specific company within the chosen country or industry.

A combination of top-down and bottom-up approaches – A portfolio manager managing a world portfolio will decide that countries to favour supported a top-down analysis however build the portfolio of stocks at intervals every country supported a bottom-up analysis.


Technical analysis – makes an attempt to forecast the direction of investment costs by learning past market knowledge.

You can find out about a fund’s investment strategy by reading its Fund Facts and simplified prospectus.

Mutual fund corporations usually build relationships with advisory and encourage them to sell their funds. once you’re selecting associate degree consultant, conclude if they concentrate on the funds of a company or a selected family of funds.

1 thought on “Types of mutual funds”

Leave a Comment